Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid and a primary constituent of cured and live cannabis. THCA is the acidic form of THC as they share a very similar molecular composition. The differentiation is due to an additional carboxyl group in THCA, which converts to THC through exposure to heat or sunlight. This process of decarboxylation expedites the conversion when cannabis is subjected to high heat. In its raw form, THCA’s prevalence in cannabis may have a multitude of therapeutic applications due to its non-psychoactive nature.
Cannabichromene (CBC) is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid with a host of potential therapeutic applications. CBC may carry pain relieving properties, act as a potent anti-inflammatory agent, assist with digestive and gastrointestinal disorders, possess antibacterial and antifungal efficacy, and could potentially contribute to the regeneration of brain cells, which possibly has implications in the treatments of multiple sclerosis, fibromyalgia, dementia, Alzheimer’s and other neurodegenerative related conditions.
Cannabinol (CBN) is considered a mildly psychoactive cannabinoid known for its powerful sedative properties. When THC is oxidized, the degradation process converts THC to CBN, which may account for the sedative effect aged cannabis often carries.
Cannabigerol (CBG) is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that plays an important role in the biochemistry of the cannabis plant. CBG acts as a chemical precursor to other cannabinoids such as THC and CBD.
A cannabis concentrate is the oil extraction from the cannabis plant, leaving behind pure cannabinoids and terpenes in high potency. The most common extraction methods are hydrocarbon extraction (most commonly referred to as BHO) and CO2 extraction. Also becoming increasingly more popular, is refining those oils further; into what’s known as a distillate.
Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) is a cannabinoid that holds potentially potent psychoactive effects, along with a host of medicinal benefits. Similar in chemical composition to THC, THCV is thought to act as an antagonist to some of the effects of THC when found in small amounts, while possibly accentuating them in higher doses. Strains or products rich in THCV may result in a stimulating, clear headed, almost psychedelic type of energetic high that is typically shorter in duration.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis used to treat the symptoms of conditions such as epilepsy, nausea, pain, inflammation, anxiety, depression, neurodegenerative disorders, opioid withdrawal and PTSD. CBD has also demonstrated a potentially pivotal role in battling adverse side effects of chemotherapy and has shown promise in inhibiting growth in certain types of tumors.
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the primary psychoactive compound in the cannabis plant and widely known for the “high” or “stoned” feeling typically associated with cannabis use. THC can produce a multitude of psychoactive effects, including but not limited to, euphoria, relaxation, introspection, creativity, sedation, sensory alteration, appetite stimulation, focus and energy. Adverse effects may include dry mouth, redness in the eyes, disorientation, dizziness, tachycardia, anxiety and paranoia.
Delta 3 carene is a cannabis terpene carrying a sweet and earthy aroma with piney undertones. Also found in rosemary, basil, bell pepper, cedar, and turpentine, delta 3 carene is used in cosmetics, perfumes and is widely considered a natural antihistamine.
Camphene is a cannabis terpene carrying a pungent earthy and musky scent with piney undertones. Also naturally found in conifer, nutmeg, ginger and rosemary, camphene is used as a major constituent in various fragrances, oils, and topical creams. Camphene is often synthesized from pinene, another cannabis terpene.
Bisabolol is a cannabis terpene boasting a delicately sweet and floral aroma with hints of citrus and spice. Commonly found in German chamomile and the South American candeia tree, bisabolol is widely used in cosmetics, fragrances, and skin care products.
Isopulegol is a cannabis terpene carrying a minty aroma with woodsy undertones. Also found in mint, eucalyptus, lemongrass, and parsley, isopulegol is a chemical precursor in the synthesis of menthol. Isopulegol is commonly used as a flavoring agent in foods and fragrance in cosmetics.
Humulene is a common cannabis terpene boasting a subtle earthy or musky aroma with spicy undertones. Classified as a sesquiterpene, much like caryophyllene, humulene is abundant in hops, sage, ginger and ginseng. Humulene has also been used for centuries in Chinese medicine.
Unlike most cannabis terpenes, guaiol is classified as a sesquiterpenoid alcohol. Commonly found in cypress pine, guaiacum and cannabis, guaiol boasts a piney aroma with woodsy and rosy undertones. Guaiol is also known to be an effective insecticide.
One of the most common reasons someone may visit a cannabis dispensary is to find a safe and effective sleep aid. Discovering preferred methods of consumption and optimal strains for insomnia may take some time as cannabis affects everyone uniquely. Numerous options are available, including smokable flower, edibles, vape cartridges, tinctures, sublingual sprays, topicals, tablets, capsules and concentrates.
Ocimene is known to be more prevalent in sativa dominant strains, possibly playing a key role in the strain’s classification. Known as a decongestant, ocimene may contribute to the coughing fits that are often associated with using cannabis. Ocimene can produce an energetic effect, and shows to be a key contributor to the numerous medicinal benefits of cannabis.
Glaucoma is typically treated with eye drops or surgical procedures, depending on the severity of the condition, to decrease intraocular pressure and slow the progression. Cannabis has shown to lower intraocular pressure and also may act as a neuroprotectant, potentially inhibiting glaucoma advancement.
Terpinolene is a cannabis terpene that displays a piney or woody aroma with hints of citrus and herbal spice. Terpinolene can also be found in sage, rosemary, apples, tea trees, cumin and nutmeg. The strong aromatic properties of terpinolene make it a commonly used ingredient in soaps, perfumes, lotions, and insect repellents.
Limonene is an abundant cannabis terpene with an unmistakable citrus aroma, most commonly resembling tangerine, grapefruit and lemon. Also found in high concentrations in the rinds of citrus fruits, limonene is often used in cosmetics, household cleaners, and as flavoring agents in food.
Linalool is a common cannabis terpene displaying a floral aroma with spicy undertones. The soothing characteristics of this terpene have been used for centuries, as linalool is commonly found in lavender, in addition to several other flowers and spices. Linalool is also a critical component in the production of Vitamin E.